Since ancient times, industrial waste has been a problem. Water pollution can occur for many reasons, and there are many contributing factors to its increase every day. The collection and disposal of industrial waste are one of the biggest pollution problems. Because of their manufacturing processes and systems, industrial companies can produce hazardous and non-hazardous wastes.
This waste can be toxic or reactive, and if not managed properly, it could pose a threat to the environment and health. Liquid wastes are mainly made up of water from urban areas, including commercial and industrial areas.
The industrial waste management process treats water that has been contaminated by commercial or industrial activities. Many industries are still dependent upon wastewater treatment processes.
Businesses need a cost-effective solution to manage all their wastewater streams that are both compliant with industrial standards and friendly for the environment. The type of industrial liquid waste will determine the type of treatment required to render industrial wastewater harmless.
There are two types of industrial wastewater: organic and inorganic. There are many strategies that can be used to treat liquid industrial waste. Some of these are listed below.
1. The semipermeable membrane used in reverse osmosis (RO) technology allows water to flow but retains most of the dissolved solids/salts, and other contaminants. Ultrafiltration or filtering can be used to remove fine solids that could have serious health effects on living creatures and humans.
2. Special treatment is required for organic materials in wastewater, such as activated sludge and trickling filters. Treatment processes can be adversely affected by the presence of disinfectants, pesticides or antibiotics.